In a recent scientific report published by, which considered the “impact of ‘natural blind spot location’ on perimetry“, The natural blind spot location (NBSL) represents an absolute scotoma in the visual field (VF) induced by the area of the optic disc on the retina, which lacks the light detecting cells. NBSL is routinely measured

Acute loss of vision associated with pain may be due to infection (corneal ulcer, endophthalmitis); Inflammations (Iritis, optic neuritis); or acute glaucoma. Corneal Ulcer: An infection of the cornea presenting with pain, redness and cloudiness of the cornea. This may follow contact lens related injury, scratches of the cornea by a fingernail, by a branch

Field of Vision is the Gold standard for diagnosis of Glaucoma. Glaucoma is associated with arcuate defects involving the superior and inferior quadrants or at times double arcuate scotoma*. Involvement of the Macula usually indicates a severe form of Glaucoma. Repeated fields are used to monitor the progression of Glaucoma. An arcuate scotoma typically follows

Headaches in children

Thursday, 25 May 2017 by

Why do children get headaches? Headaches in children are common and usually not serious. Causes include migraines, stress and tension headaches, trauma, sinus disease, and eye problems. Brain tumours in children as a cause for headaches are extremely rare, and are usually associated with additional neurologic symptoms such as dizziness, weakness of the arms or

Adult Strabismus

Thursday, 25 May 2017 by

Can anything be done for adults with strabismus (misaligned eyes)? Yes. Adults can benefit from some of the same treatment options that are available to children. They may include prismatic glasses and surgery. Most adults with misaligned eyes are able to have a successful surgical correction . Why do adults get strabismus? Adults may have

Watering In a normal eye, a sac called the naso-lacrimal sac or a duct, drains tears from our eyes to our nose. Blockage of this sac is among the commonest causes for eyes watering. If left unattended, tears collect in the sac, and infect it. The symptoms are pain, swelling and redness in the area


Sunday, 23 April 2017 by

What is strabismus and how common is it? Strabismus is any misalignment of the eyes. It is estimated that 1-3% of the Indian population has strabismus.  Are there different types of strabismus? There are many different types of strabismus. Is is most commonly described by the direction of the eye misalignment: common types of strabismus

Retinopathy of Prematurity

Saturday, 22 April 2017 by

What is Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a potentially blinding disease caused by an abnormal development of the retinal blood vessels in premature infants. The retina is the inner layer of the eye that receives light and turns it into visual messages that are sent to the brain. When a baby

Pediatric Allergic Conjunctivitis When our eyes are exposed to some specific allergen, our eyes react and producers reaction which is called as allergic conjunctivitis. The conjunctiva is a loose tissue which is present over the eyeball. It has got two parts namely palpebral and bulbar conjunctiva. This layer also contains accessory lacrimal glands which secretes

Viral Conjunctivitis in Kids

Tuesday, 18 October 2016 by

Viral Conjunctivitis in Kids The conjunctiva is a loose tissue which is present over the eyeball. It has got two parts namely palpebral and bulbar conjunctiva. This layer also contains accessory lacrimal glands which secretes lubricants so as to keep our eye lubricated. Aetiologies Any inflammation of this layer is called as conjunctivitis. This inflammation

The ciliary body is responsible for secretion of aqueous humour (the fluid which maintains IOP and Nourishes various structures of the eye). There are times when the IOP cannot be controlled with all possible treatment oral and topical treatment. Such eyes usually have No visual potential like absolute glaucoma with No projection of light vision.

We all have tears which are produced continuously by lacrimal glands. These tears are drained by the system of ducts which is called as Naso lacrimal duct. These ducts begin as a small opening near our eyelids and drain into lateral part of our nose. This is normal anatomy, but when problems occur during the

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