Squint (Crossed Eyes) or Strabismus
Affects approximately 4 out of every 100 children. It is a condition in which the two eyes point in different directions. One eye may turn either in, or out while the other eye aims straight ahead. Due to this condition, both eyes do not always aim simultaneously at the same object. This results in a partial or total loss of stereo vision and binocular depth perception. The eye turns may be visible at all times or may come and go. In some cases, the eye misalignments are not obvious to the untrained observer.
How is Squint diagnosed?
Strabismus can be diagnosed during an eye exam. It is recommended that all children have their vision checked by their pediatrician, family doctor or ophthalmologist (eye doctor) at or before their fourth birthday.
How is Squint treated?
Treatment for strabismus works to:
- Preserve vision
- Straighten the eyes
- Restore binocular (two-eyed) vision
After a complete eye examination, an ophthalmologist can recommend appropriate Squint eye treatment.
Squint can be treated by eyeglasses in some cases or it may require Squint surgery.
Covering or patching the strong eye to improve the lazy eye (amblyopic eye) may be necessary.
Most common types of strabismus :
- Esotropia – Esotropia is where the eye turns inward, is the most common type of strabismus in infants.
- Exotropia – Exotropia is an outward turning of the eye, is another common type of strabismus. This occurs most often when a child is focusing on distant objects.