Glaucoma is a group of diseases that can damage the eyes optics nerve & result in vision loss and blindness. Glaucoma occurs when the normal fluid pressure inside the eye slowly rises. However, with early treatment, a person can often protect his eyes against serious vision loss. If you have one or more of the following risk factor for glaucoma, talk to your doctor about scheduling more frequent eye examinations.
- Family history of glaucoma
- Advancing age
- Near-Sightedness (Myopia)
- Any Injury to eyes
- Secondary to other ocular conditions (thin cornea, cataract, inflammation, tumors)
- Long-Term Medication (Cortisone)
- Diabetes, Hypertension
- Glaucoma in other eyes.
Be aware that a severe headache or pain In your eye or eyebrow, nausea, blurred vision or rainbow halos around lights may be symptoms of narrow-angle glaucoma.
- If you experience two or more of these symptoms together, sick immediate care at an a emergency room or an eye doctor.
Sab acute (Intermittent) angle closure occurs in a predisposed eye with on occludable angle.
- Attacks may be precipitated by physiological mydriasis (watching television in-darkroom), or by physiological shallowing of the anterior chamber when the patient assumes the prone or semi-prone position.(when sewing or reading)
- Emotional stress may be a precipitating factor
The routine screening eye examinations (once in a year) are mandatory since glaucoma usually causes no symptoms (asymptomatic) in its early stages.
Once damage to the optic nerve has occurred it cannot be reversed thus in order to preserve vision glaucoma must be diagnosed early and followed regularly.
Patients with glaucoma need to be aware that it is a lifelong disease and
ophthalmologist decides the schedule for follow up visits depending on the
individual’s progress of the disease and associated risk factors.
Compliance with scheduled visits to the eye doctor with prescribed medication regimens offers the best chance of maintaining vision.